Fundamentals of p-values: Introduction

Yuri Gurevich, Vladimir Vovk, The Logic in Computer Science Column by Yuri Gurevich


We explain the concept of p-values presupposing only rudimentary probability theory. We also use the occasion to introduce the notion of p-function, so that p-values are values of a p-function.
The explanation is restricted to the discrete case with no outcomes of zero probability. We are going to address the general case elsewhere.

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