Which Tasks of a Job are Susceptible to Computerization?

Philipp Brandes, Roger Wattenhofer, The Distributed Computing Column by Stefan Schmid


In their paper, the two economists Frey and Osborne quantified the automation
of jobs, by assigning each job in the O*NET database a probability
to be automated. In this paper, we refine their results in the following way:
Every O*NET job consists of a set of tasks, and these tasks can be related.
We use a linear program to assign probabilities to tasks, such that related
tasks have a similar probability and the tasks can explain the computerization
probability of a job. Analyzing jobs on the level of tasks helps comprehending
the results, as experts as well as laymen can more easily criticize and
refine what parts of a job are susceptible to computerization.

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